Horizon Labrador puppies go to their new home with:
- AKC Limited Registration (Limited vs Full Registration)
- 26 month hip dysplasia guarantee
- Health guarantee
- UTD on all shots & dewormers
- Complete Vaccination Records to date
- Sample of NuVet vitamins (3 vitamins)
- CD of all puppy pictures & videos taken along with pictures of both parents & grandparents if possible
- CD of parents health clearances & pedigrees
- The Buyer MUST keep their puppy on NuVet Plus Tabs purchased from Horizon Labradors for at least 26 months after purchase for your Health/Hip Guarantee to be in compliance.
- The Buyer MUST have their puppy microchipped within 10 days of receiving puppy for the Health/Hip Guarantee to be in compliance. I would be glad to microchip your puppy for you, the charge is $50 for a pre-paid AKC Companion Animal Recovery chip.
When you register your puppy with the AKC you will receive:
- A frameable AKC registration certificate & your dog's name is recorded in the AKC registry.
- Complimentary 60 day trial AKC Pet Healthcare Plan.
- A certificate for a complimentary first vet office visit.
- Eligibilty to participate in AKC events.
Puppies understand love, repetition, consistency and tone of voice. You and your family are its new pack. I'm not suggesting you start acting like a dog but don't ruin your dog by humanizing it or treating it like a baby. What I'm saying is: There are no bad dogs, just bad owners that don't realize dogs can't read minds and they can't tell you what they want. Over time, Your habits will be reflected in your dog so be patient and think through what you're goals are before you begin teaching. Discuss with your family the commands you want your new puppy to learn and rules it will live by and as a family, stay consistent. This is the golden rule to having a well trained happy pet, especially in families with young children.
Moods & Tone of voice: Puppies understand your moods and tone of voice. They can even feel your stress through the leash you walk them on. As you get to know your puppy you'll be able to see if it “senses” your emotions. If you're happy, your puppy will learn that tone. If you're sad or upset, it will try to comfort you or make you happy as it would do to the pack leader. Be careful that your sadness or anger is not directed at your pet when it's trying to comfort you. That's confusing to a dog as it would be confusing to a child. Your tone in these situations is key. Tonation is why dogs respond differently to male and female voices. The lower “baritone” in a males voice makes a dog think it's the dominant pack member. The higher pitch in a woman's voice makes a dog think it's happier and more playful. To a dog, dad is the rule giver and mom is the softy which is why most women have more trouble gaining a dog's respect and thus a harder time training a dog. Ladies don't despair and don't take it personally. Dogs are instinctual not rational. You'll have to work harder to stay consistent but in time, your dog will understand repetition and consistency from the entire family, even children.
Crate Training: We highly recommend crate training your puppy. Not only is it a simple and quick method of potty training but it will also become a place of comfort and security throughout your dog's life. Crate your puppy at night, during naps and whenever you cannot be with or supervise him/her. It is best to purchase a crate large enough to house your puppy after it becomes an adult but section off the crate while your puppy is still young and only provide them with enough room to be comfortable. It is a natural instinct for a dog to not mess in its den. Sectioning the crate will enforce this instinct and help teach the pup to HOLD its bladder while it's in the crate. Make sure the first place he/she is allowed to go after opening the crate is outside to potty. Only after it goes potty where YOU decide it can go, praise it and it will learn going potty outside makes you happy. This simple habit will help potty train your pup in a matter of days. A radio has been playing for your puppy 24 hours a day, so if he/she has a hard time settling down, try playing the radio for him/her.
Manners: Begging, whining, or pawing under the table should never be acceptable behavior for your dog. You may think its cute now for your puppy to jump up to greet you or to want to join you at dinnertime but it won't be cute when company comes or when your puppy's full-grown. So it's smart to teach your puppy good manners now.
Here are some pointers:
• Don't Jump Up . If your puppy jumps up, walk backwards or turn around and say "off." Reward him only when all four paws are on the ground. If more control is needed, put a leash on him whenever you're expecting company and praise him only when he stays down.
• If your puppy has mastered the "sit" command, have him sit when greeting newcomers. Have a friend help by coming to the door again and again. Instruct your dog to sit each time the friend enters. Reward him for correct behavior or better yet, have your friend provide the reward. Repeating this exercise will reinforce it and will make having visitors a more routine experience for your puppy.
Door Training: A simple way to teach your puppy how to notify you it has to go potty is to hang a small bell or chime on the handle of the door leading to the place it will go potty. Hang it from a strong string low enough so the puppy can nudge it with its nose. The simple act of opening the door and closing the door will consistently remind the puppy that the “noise” means “I can go outside to potty”. Eventually, you'll hear the bell and find your puppy waiting to go potty. If this happens, praise it and you'll have a door trained puppy.
Teething & Chewing: Your pup is and will remain teething for up to a year as it's teeth grow, fall out and are replaced with permanent teeth.
Here are three simple rules:
• When they attempt to chew something you do not want them to chew, DO NOT SCOLD THEM. Simply tell them NO, take it from them and replace it with something they can chew and praise them for chewing the proper item. This is positive reinforcement which encourages a dog without breaking his/her spirit. Over time, this simple habit will save countless items from your dog's chompers for one reason. It doesn't see those items as toys. When you praise it for chewing something you permit, it only sees that item as a toy.
• Have a variety of toys for them to choose from. As with kids, dogs get attached to certain things. One toy they may sleep with, another they will shake around like a rag doll, another they may only play with outside. Who cares! Let them discover their personality and you learn as much as you can about your new family member. A little observation will go a long way to enjoying your lab pup.
• Choose your dogs chew toys as carefully as you would toys for your child. Nothing with eyes, buttons, or weak stitching. Labs are powerful chewers and need a good stout material to keep them busy. Our dog toy bin has Frisbees, canvas stuffed animals, tons of tennis balls, thick rubber toys and so on. Watch your dog's habits and you'll learn their likes and dislikes. ***Important*** Avoid rawhide until their at least six months old. Stomachs cannot process it. Only give Nyla Bones or chewable items specialized for puppy digestion.
Three essential rules to the well trained dog:
3) Tone of voice .
There are no bad dogs, just bad owners that don't realize dogs can't read minds and they don't understand English. They only know consistency, tone of voice and repetition. Your habits will be reflected in your dog so be patient and think through what you're goals are before you begin teaching.
These fundamentals will help get you started:
• Labradors love to train and be under command, especially if it can sense you're pleased with its actions. You are its teacher so it will learn everything from you including bad habits if you're not careful. Praise at the proper time is far more affective than scolding and be careful when you reprimand your dog not to break its spirit. A broken dog is not the same as an obedient dog.
• Avoid tug of war : Tug of war may seem fun but as powerful as Labradors are, they can hurt a child or adult without meaning to. Plus is teaches destructive behavior.
• Avoid Chase games : If you chase your dog, you'll engrain a fleeing habit it sees as fun and appropriate. This can only lead to frustration and potential disaster. It will love the running and excitement, but it teaches a pursuit and pounce instinct you do not want in a family pet.
• The “come” call . This is the most crucial skill to teach your dog and should be done within its first few weeks at home. It can keep them from dangerous situations in public or near busy roads or in new surroundings. If your pup does not come when called, DON'T chase him. This will seem like a game that enforces stubbornness. Call them once and go and get them if they do not come. Over praise them when they come and soon they'll associate coming to your call is a good thing.
• Playing rough : You are the pack leader and your dog will take on your habits. Playing rough with a puppy will only lead to disaster when it's full grown.
• Striking a dog: We strongly discourage the use of force in dog training. Though it sometimes takes lots of patience and consistency, praise will always get you more than force. Teach your dog to please you and you'll have a buddy for life. If you must strike a dog to stop or avoid a problem, only strike it under the chin with an open palm. NEVER strike it with an overhead motion in the head or hips. This will cause a dog to cower and possible cause serious injury.
Puppy's First week at home
Your puppy has just been taken from its family and introduced to a brand new home with completely new smells, sights and sounds. Give it a chance to overcome the stress and uncertainty it's probably feeling. Do not expose it to too much activity for the first few days until its confidence increases. The idea is to gradually transition your puppy from our schedule and environment to its new schedule at your home. The best scenario for any change is to be gradual and well thought out. Drastic changes can be stressful to a puppy and stress can show itself in many ways, some harmful if not recognized (diarrhea, vomiting, loss of appetite emotional reactions and so on). Puppies may show signs of obvious intelligence, love and affection but keep in mind; they are babies and they only understand love, repetition, tone of voice and consistency.
Families with small children keep these things in mind: Children must be prepared and instructed how to act, interact and treat a new puppy. Loud noises, screaming, chasing, tugging, even too much affection can cause your new puppy to react negatively or in fear. As with children, the first few weeks are major building blocks in a puppy's life so the training and treatments your puppy is exposed to during this crucial time is worth your time, consideration and planning.
Families who already have a dog(s): Your new puppy will come to you with its first vaccination and 3 dewormings. But its immune system is still very susceptible to many things. It is a great idea to have your current dog checked for parasites, worms and current vaccinations. Keep in mind, your adult dog might be or seem healthy, but its adult immune system can fight off many things that are problematic, even lethal to a puppy.
Veterinarian Care & Vaccinations: Horizon Labrador puppies are dewormed and vaccinated before they go home. Your vet will likely check stool samples during its first visit and inform you of the vaccination schedule they like to follow.
Pack Philosophy: Canines are pack animals and the pack has a clear hierarchy from the top dog (alpha) to the second, third and so on. The idea is to introduce the puppy while maintaining your current dog's hierarchy in the home and family. Regardless of how loving or well trained your current dog(s) is, surprising an adult dog with a puppy might send it an instinctual pack mode to dominate or submit. It can also cause a puppy to submit or react in fear. Your goal is for a calm, happy introduction where the curiosity of both animals is peaked without fear. For best results, the puppy should be introduced while still in its crate, sometimes for hours or days until the reaction from both animals is what you are comfortable with. In cases with in-tact or dominant dogs, introductions should be separated by closed doors at first and then to the crate introductions mentioned above. By no means should introductions or the first few times together be unsupervised. If you don't see the initial response in introductions that you want, don't panic and DO NOT reprimand the current dog(s) or the new puppy. Reprimands at this stage will make the dog(s) associate its new family member with a negative response from its owners. Stay calm and think it through. Remember, YOU are the pack leader of all the dogs. Take the time to sort out the best way for all the animals to fit into YOUR PACK.
Diet: Your puppy is now eating FROMM PRAIRIE GOLD LARGE BREED PUPPY FOOD. Be sure you're feeding a high quality puppy food diet. NuVet Plus vitamins are the only supplement your dog needs. Calcium speeds and assists the growth and solidification of bone structure. Common sense might merit adding calcium to a puppy's diet to ensure healthy bone growth but in truth, moderate or less calcium allows natural growth and bone hardening to occur. Too much calcium can lead to arthritis, Osteoporosis and even Dysplasia. Allow as much cold water as the pup wants to drink. Don't worry if your puppy's appetite is minimal for the first few days. It's just left its family and may take a little time to feel comfortable with its new home. That said, Labs are notorious eaters. Please don't over feed your pup either. Fit-not-Fat is a good rule to keep your pup from excessive growth and obesity which can cause hip Dysplasia as it grows. Do not feed human food! Their stomachs cannot handle it and it can cause problems.
Human interaction while a dog is feeding: A puppy that has been stroked, petted even sat with during meals is far less likely to be dominant over its food bowl which will greatly reduce the risk of an accidental bite near the food bowl. This same theory applies to bones and chew toys.
Always Keep Handy or in case of an emergency
• Yogurt - Calms upset stomachs and replaces good bacteria in times of Diarrhea
• Pedialyte – In case of Diarrhea and dehydration (Dehydration is lethal to puppies)
Kaopectate (Liquid) - Helps stop Diarrhea
• Mineral Oil – Labradors are chewers, mineral oil will help pass foreign objects▲Top
All dogs can be housebroken if you are consistent, as well as persistent, in training them. There are two basic housebreaking techniques: crate training and paper training. Crate training is preferred because it teaches direct housebreaking. Paper training should be an intermediate step, unless you deliberately want your dog to continue eliminating in a designated place indoors. Paper training: Cover the entire floor of a confined space with paper. Wait for your dog to use the paper, then replace the soiled paper. Once your dog seems to understand the paper concept, begin to leave a bare area without paper. The goal is to have only a very small area covered with paper. Crate training: When indoors, keep your dog in the crate or under very close supervision. Take your dog out frequently, and give your dog lots of praise for relieving itself. It won't be long before your dog gets the concept of only eliminating outdoors.
Three feedings a day are usually adequate for young puppies. At around four to six months old, try cutting back to two meals. Most dogs can be fed only once a day when they reach adulthood. If you want to discourage picky habits, try to feed at regular times in regular amounts. Do not leave food down any longer than 10 to 20
minutes. Always provide fresh, clean water.
Grooming should be a comfortable experience for your dog. This should not be too difficult if your accustom your dog to being handled as a puppy. This will make it easier when your dog becomes an adult.
Brushing Your Dog's Teeth:
Although dog biscuits and bones may have some benefit, they do not prevent the buildup of plaque and tartar. This is why it is so important to brush your dog's teeth regularly. The teeth should be brushed at least once or twice a week. As with grooming, this will be easier if accustom your dog early in life.
Establishing routine healthcare from an early age can prevent disease, prolong the life of your dog and improve your dog's quality of life.
Picking a Veterinarian:
It is extremely important to find someone you trust. If you are unfamiliar with the veterinarians in your area, use word-of-mouth to start your search. If the veterinarian's personality makes you uncomforable, hindering your ability to explain your concerns, find another one.
Some of the most common vaccinations produce immunity to distemper, hepatitis, leptospirosis, parvovirus, and parainfluenza.
Puppies receive a series of these shots until they reach the proper degree of immunity, around three or four months old. Your dog will require annual booster shots.
Your dog will also need regular rabies shots.
Gastrointestinal parasites are common in puppies. They are easy to treat if caught promptly. Left untreated, they can cause serious harm. Your vet may ask you to submit stool samples from your dog during routine visits to keep these parasites in check. Another common parasite is heartworm. The heartworm gains entry through the bite of an infected mosquito. Heartworms can be life threatening if left untreated. Veterinarians usually dispense preventative drugs whenever mosquitoes are active. A heartworm test must precede the medication.
Spaying (for females) or neutering (for males) is a surgical procedure that makes your dog unable to reproduce. If you don't plan to breed your dog or compete in the show ring, you should strongly consider spaying/neutering your dog. There are many benefits to spaying/neutering including preventing unwanted litters and overall health. Discuss your options with your veterinarian.
Your dog needs regular exercise to stay fit and healthy. The amount of exercise your dog needs depends on its age, health, breed and temperament. Consider playing fetch, swimming or hiking. Activities you and your dog enjoy regularly are the best.
It's only natural for dogs to be curious. But their curiosity can get them into trouble when they get into areas where you store household items such as
medicine and detergents. Many common household items that you use everyday can be harmful, and sometimes even lethal, to your dog.
Foods that are harmful to your dog:
May cause vomiting, abdominal pain, and/or diarrhea:
May cause varied reactions:
Tomato and potato leaves and stems
Onions and onion powder
Pear and peach kernels
Mushrooms (if also toxic to humans)
Common household items that are harmful to your dog:
Antifreeze and other car fluids
Bleach and cleaning fluids
Nail polish and remover
Prescription and non-prescription medicine
Snail or slug bait
Symptoms of possible poisoning are: vomiting, diarrhea, difficult breathing, abnormal urine
(color, aroma or odor, frequency, etc.), salivation, weakness. If your dog should ingest
harmful chemicals, contact a veterinarian or poison control center immediately.
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